Simple Definition of Cabinet Minister

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A cabinet is a body of senior government officials, usually composed of the senior executives of the executive branch. Members of a cabinet are usually called ministers or secretaries. The function of a cabinet varies: in some countries it is a collegial decision-making body with collective responsibility, while in others it may function either as a purely advisory body or as an institution supporting a decision-making head of state or government. Cabinets are usually the body responsible for the day-to-day administration of government and response to sudden events, while the legislature and judiciary work at a measured pace, in meetings following lengthy procedures. A shadow cabinet consists of the leading members or MPs of an opposition party, who usually hold portfolios of spokespersons, shadow ministers, question their decisions and propose policy alternatives. In some countries, shadow ministers are called spokespeople. In the Westminster system, Cabinet members are ministers of the Crown and are collectively responsible for all government policies. All ministers, whether senior or junior ministers, must publicly support government policies, regardless of private reservations. While in theory all Cabinet decisions are made collectively by Cabinet, in practice many decisions are delegated to the various Cabinet subcommittees, which report their findings and recommendations to the Cabinet as a whole. Since these recommendations have already been adopted by Cabinet members who hold the relevant ministerial portfolios, they are generally adopted by the Cabinet as a whole without further discussion. The cabinet can also provide insights on whether new laws have been enacted and what they entail. Cabinet proceedings are secret and documents handled by Cabinet are confidential.

Most documents relating to Cabinet proceedings are not released until a considerable period of time after the dissolution of the respective Cabinet, according to the provisions of a country`s access to information legislation. One of his jokes was to unite his minister`s son with a niece of the widowed queen of Saint-Germain. He professed to abhor and despise all mystery, sophistication and intrigue, whether in the case of a prince or a minister. Communist states can be governed de facto by the Politburo, like the Politburo of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. It is an organ of the Communist Party and not a state organ, but due to the one-party system, the state and its cabinet (e.g. the government of the Soviet Union) are in practice subordinate to the Politburo. Technically, a Politburo is overseen by the Central Committee and its members are chosen, but in practice it was often the other way around: powerful members of the Politburo secured their support for the Central Committee through patronage. In China, political power has been centralized in a standing committee of the Politburo.

Many years ago, cabinets were called Privy Councils. The current cabinet was created during the period when George I and George II were kings of England. His enemies in the cabinet quickly understood when their devices had acted on the king and queen. The supranational European Union uses a different convention: the European Commission refers to its executive cabinet as a “college”, with its senior officials called “commissioners”, while a “cabinet of the European Commission” is the personal office of a European Commissioner. In some countries (e.g., U.S. attorneys general also sit in the cabinet, while in many others this is strictly prohibited because attorneys general are considered part of the judiciary. Instead, there is a Minister of Justice, who is separate from the Attorney General. In addition, in Sweden, Finland and Estonia, the Cabinet consists of a Chancellor of Justice, an official who acts as legal adviser to the Cabinet.

In the presidential and parliamentary systems, cabinet members manage executive bodies, government agencies or ministries. Cabinets are also important authors of legislation. Cabinets and ministers are generally responsible for preparing legislative proposals in departments before they are tabled in Parliament. As a result, most new legislation often comes from Cabinet and its departments. One of its senior officials is the current Minister of the Interior in Baghdad. This position within the executive means that, in practice, any division of responsibility for the general direction of government has generally been favoured by the prime minister – either because they are unpopular with their backbenchers or because they believe that Cabinet should decide things collectively. Depending on the country, cabinet members must, can or can be members of parliament. Examples of this deviation include: Cabinet sizes vary, although most contain between ten and twenty ministers. The researchers found an inverse correlation between a country`s level of development and the size of the firm: on average, the more developed a country is, the smaller its firm. [1] While the term “secretary” is usually used to refer to the most senior official in a department, some departments have different titles to refer to these officials. For example, the Department of Justice uses the term Attorney General instead of Minister of Justice, but the Attorney General is still a cabinet position. In most countries with parliamentary systems, the cabinet decides on government policy.

In other countries, such as the United States, the cabinet has limited powers and is an adviser to the head of government. In some countries, cabinet members get their jobs from those in government. Even Christians who want to serve amid racial resentment and policing miss the mark. In most governments, cabinet members are given the title of minister, and each has a different portfolio of government responsibilities (“Minister of Foreign Affairs”, “Minister of Health”, etc.). In some governments, such as Mexico, the Philippines, the United Kingdom and the United States, the title of Secretary of Education is also used for some members of the Cabinet (“Secretary of Education” or “Secretary of State for X” in the United Kingdom). In many countries (Germany, Luxembourg, France, etc.), a State Secretary is a member of the Cabinet with a lower rank than a Minister. In Finland, a State Secretary is a career civil servant who serves the Minister. In some countries, the cabinet is known by names such as “Council of Ministers”, “Council of Government” or “Council of State” or by lesser known names such as “Federal Council” (in Switzerland), “Internal Council” or “High Council”. These countries may differ in how the wardrobe is used or furnished. News of his death sparked a wave of grief on social media, with ministers and opposition leaders praising his journalistic and human rights efforts. Thank you for coming up with a definition! Only you will see it until the Cambridge Dictionary team approves it, and then other users will be able to see it and vote on it.

In some European countries, the term “cabinet” is used to refer to the assistants of an important politician. But, says the Premier of Flatland, starting a difficulty, who will be the greatest leader? I coordinated with our foreign minister so that we borrowed from other countries that offered,” he said. Charles I began a formal “cabinet council” as soon as it was inaugurated in 1625, as his privy council or “privy council” was obviously not private enough, and the first recorded use of “cabinet” for such a body alone dates back to 1644 and is again hostile and associates the term with dubious foreign practices. [10] The process has been repeated recently, when leaders felt the need to have a kitchen cabinet or a “couch government.” [12] The Westminster Cabinet System forms the basis of well-known cabinets in the federal and provincial jurisdictions of Australia, Canada, India, Pakistan, South Africa and other Commonwealth of Nations countries, whose parliamentary model is closely modelled on that of the United Kingdom. Theoretically, the Prime Minister or Prime Minister is first among equals. However, the prime minister is ultimately the person whose head of state receives advice (through constitutional conventions) on the exercise of executive power, which may include the power to declare war, use nuclear weapons, and appoint cabinet members. This leads to a situation where Cabinet is de facto appointed by the Prime Minister and serves the Prime Minister at will. As a result, the cabinet is often heavily subordinate to the prime minister, as it can be replaced at any time or moved (“demoted”) to another portfolio in the event of a cabinet reshuffle due to “below-average performance”. In the United Kingdom and its colonies, cabinets began as smaller sub-groups of the English Privy Council. The term comes from the name of a relatively small and private space used as a place of work or retirement.